Refereed Journal Articles
Smidt, Hannah M., Dominic Perera, Neil J. Mitchell, and Kristin M. Bakke. Forthcoming. “Silencing Their Critics: How Effective are Governments in Restricting Civil Society?” British Journal of Political Science. Article here (open access version here). Data here.
Bakke, Kristin M., Neil J. Mitchell and, and Hannah M. Smidt. 2020. “When States Crack Down on Human Rights Defenders,” International Studies Quarterly 64 (1): 85-96. Article here (open access version here). Data here.
Bakke, Kristin M., Andrew Linke, John O’Loughlin, and Gerard Toal. 2018. “Dynamics of State-Building after War: External-Internal Relations in Eurasian de facto states” Political Geography 63 (March): 159-173. Article here.
Seymour, Lee J.M., Kristin M. Bakke, and Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham. 2016. “E Pluribus Unum, Ex Uno Plures: Competition, Violence, and Fragmentation in Ethnopolitical Movements.” Journal of Peace Research 53 (1): 3-18. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M., John O’Loughlin, Gerard Toal, and Michael D. Ward. 2014. “Convincing State-Builders? Disaggregating Internal Legitimacy in Abkhazia.” International Studies Quarterly 58 (3): 591-607. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M., Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham, and Lee J.M. Seymour. 2012. “A Plague of Initials: Fragmentation, Cohesion, and Infighting in Civil Wars.” Perspectives on Politics 10 (2): 265-284. Article here.
Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher, Kristin M. Bakke, and Lee J.M. Seymour. 2012. “Shirts Today, Skins Tomorrow: Dual Contests and the Effects of Fragmentation in Self-Determination Disputes.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 56 (1): 57-93. Article here. Blog piece here. TEDx talk here.
Ward, Michael D., Brian Greenhill, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2010. “The Perils of Policy by P-Value: Predicting Civil Conflicts.” Journal of Peace Research 47 (4): 1-13. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M., John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward. 2009. “Reconciliation in Conflict-Affected Societies: Multilevel Modeling of Individual and Contextual Factors in the North Caucasus of Russia.” Annals of American Association of Geographers 99 (1): 1012-1021. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M. 2009. “State, Society, and Separatism in Punjab.” Regional and Federal Studies 19 (2): 291-308. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M., Xun Cao, John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward. 2009. “Social Distance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the North Caucasus Region of Russia: Inter and Intra-Ethnic Attitudes and Identities.” Nations and Nationalism 15 (2): 229-255. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M., and Erik Wibbels. 2006. “Diversity, Disparity, and Civil Conflict in Federal States.” World Politics 59 (1): 1-50. Article here.
Bakke, Kristin M. 2013. “Copying and Learning from Outsiders? Assessing Diffusion from Transnational Insurgents in the Chechen Wars.” In Transnational Dynamics of Civil War, ed. Jeffrey Checkel. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bakke, Kristin M. 2010. “The Turn to Violence in Chechnya and Punjab: Self-Determination Struggles in Decentralized States.” In Rethinking Violence, ed. Adria Lawrence and Erica Chenoweth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bakke, Kristin M. 2010. “After the War Ends: Violence and Viability of Unrecognized States.” In Unrecognized States in the International System, ed. Nina Caspersen and Gareth Stansfield. London: Routledge.
Work in Progress
“Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Authority: Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland” (with Karin Dyrstad and Helga Malmin Binningsbø), article manuscript.
“Legacies of Wartime Institutions: Vigilantism and the State in Northern Ireland” (with Kit Rickard), article manuscript.